Ingredients used by Concrete Production Equipment for Concrete Manufacture

oncrete is the basic requirement of every construction project either small or big. It is manufactured at the construction site or at a centralized concrete production unit from where it is then imported to the construction site. A special range of concrete equipment is employed for production and conveyance of concrete including concrete batching plant, mobile concrete mixers or transit mixers, concrete pumps etc. The modern equipments used in concrete production are advanced machineries capable of manufacturing concrete with complete automated production methods within shorter production times. The manufacturing time, speed, features and performance of these machineries may vary but not the way of manufacturing and ingredients required for manufacturing concrete.

Concrete in a concrete batching plant or a concrete mixer is prepared by thorough mixing of ingredients that include cement, water and other aggregates. Let us now get the information on different ingredients that go into preparation of concrete in concrete production units or equipments.

Concrete is a thoroughly mixed bi-product of cement, water and aggregates like sand, gravel and crushed stone. As the concrete is mixed in the production equipment the paste of cement and water will bind with aggregates. The mixed mass of ingredients will start hardening and form into rock like mass with passing time because of chemical reaction occurring between cement and water. In many concrete production methods certain supplementary cementitious materials are also added. To know more about concrete batching plant production equipments, visit Apollo Infratech.

Ingredients used in Concrete Production


Cement is the basic material for construction. It is main ingredient of concrete which helps in forming or setting of the concrete with its hardening property. Cement when combines with water, undergoes a process called hydration to form hard mass called paste. This paste acts as a gelling substance which holds together the other ingredients of concrete like sand, gravel, crushed stone, or other granular materials for formation of concrete.


The amount of water present in a concrete mixture decides its thickness. More the water much diluted is the concrete mixture. Much diluted concrete is not effective for construction needs and therefore less water is often desired for an efficient concrete mixture. A proper ratio of cement and water will increase the effectiveness of concrete by increasing its flexural and compressive strength and resistance to weathering. Less water ensures better bonding between the ingredients of concrete decreasing the volume change of the concrete due to wetting and drying. This reduces permeability of concrete mixture and therefore giving it better resistance to cracking.


More than 60% of the concrete mixture is made up of aggregates. These are less expensive and used to offer volume stability to the hardened concrete. There are essentially two types of aggregates used for production of concrete fine aggregates and coarse aggregates. Sand and combination of particles very small, less than 5mm fall under the category of fine aggregates where coarse aggregates include larger ingredients like crushed gravel and stone, blast furnace slag or crushed concrete with particles larger than 5mm. Aggregates can help control the shrinkage of concrete which when increased causes cracking that is not at all desirable in construction.

Most often, apart from these above mentioned ingredients, even supplementary cementitious materials like fly ash, silica fume, calcined clay, calcined shale are also added in concrete. These materials in combination with blended cement will enhance the properties of the hardened concrete for efficient construction.


Therefore it’s the proper amount or ratio of the cement, water, sand, gravel, crushed stone, fly ash, silica fume, calcined clay, calcined shale etc that decides the quality of concrete produced for construction needs. Apollo Infratech is a leading manufacturer of concrete equipments offering high quality concrete production solutions for Indian infrastructure companies for efficient construction needs.

This article educates reader about ingredients used by concrete equipment in production concrete.

Concrete Solutions – How to Prepare Ready Mix Concrete with Concrete equipments

Infrastructure development is important for any country for better health, facilities and comforts of human life. It requires technological advanced instruments to develop the big constructions like dam, bridges, super highways, big complexes and buildings etc. This all have become possible due to production of high end machineries and concrete batching plants that are used to produce quality concrete mixtures to build the strengthen infrastructure. Various concrete equipments are offered as concrete solutions to prepare quality concrete mixtures are as below –

Concrete Batching Plant

Concrete batching plant is a setup that can be established near to the big construction projects so that the transportation of ready mix concrete can be easily provided. Concrete batching plant is also known as concrete mixing plant that mixing the concrete materials including cement, water, sand, gravels, adhesives and other materials very well and create a well blended mix to place on the blocks. The batching plant is used to generate large amount of concrete for big projects like dam, overfly, highways and other big projects where need continuous supply of ready mix concrete in bulk amount. The high production in low time is even good to reduce the overall project cost. The concrete batching plant is also known as central batching plant, which is available in different capacities.

Transit Mixture

Mobile concrete plant is used in small projects and for the remote projects where the batching plant establishment is not possible. Transit mixer is a mobile concrete plant having mixture drum with truck. The mixture drum can prepare a small amount of concrete mixture by mixing the material on the way to the site that creates uniform mixture where adding the water generate the final ready mix concrete to unload at the site. The costing for producing the concrete mixture is comparative high than central batching plant but it is quite sufficient to operate in low cost and low maintenance for small construction projects. This is the best purchase for the construction companies that are building city infrastructure where the place is too small and the concrete requirement is also based on the projects. To get the all types of concrete solutions to prepare best quality ready mix concrete with equipments at Apollo Infratech.

Hume Pipe / Spun Pipe

Pipe making machine is used to build RCC pipe with the process called as Hume pipe. This is a traditional way of manufacturing concrete pipes used for long time that needs high human resources to manage the operation. The process requires hard work and human dependency for creating accurate strengthen pipes. This old way of pipe production is replaced with the technological advanced vertical cast process. The vertical cast process is a computer controlled process for production of more strong RCC pipes with less human resources and low costing compare to Hume pipe. The under developed countries are still using the Hume pipe process due to cheap labor.

Pre Cast Concrete Equipment

Pre cast concrete equipment is used to cast the concrete in molded shapes before transporting to the construction locations. There are many benefits of building pre cast concrete compare to site cured concrete. The long preserving time of concrete generated through precast concrete equipment make it stronger, durable and efficient. Precast concrete usage is more time saving method where the final concrete is ready to place in a better way to implement infrastructure on time.

Ready Mix Concrete Solutions for Easy, Efficient and Cost Effective Concrete Constructions

Ready mix concrete is a readily available form of concrete that can be got for use at construction sites from factory or batching plant where it is usually mixed or produced according to a set recipe. All the time and costs employed for mixing or production of concrete on site can be greatly saved with ready mix concrete. Better precision of the concrete mixture and reduced work site labor and confusion are two main factors for which ready mix concrete solutions are widely preferred over on-site concrete mixing.

The ready mix concrete for construction purposes can be got from the ready mix concrete companies. A ready mix concrete company manufactures concrete under computer-controlled operations and transports it to the site in freshly mixed or unhardened state. The concrete at ready mix companies is manufactured under best production conditions in a fully equipped concrete production infrastructure which is equipped with up-to-date equipments for concrete production like concrete batching plant for concrete production, concrete mixing plant, transit mixers for mobile concrete mixing and transportation, concrete pump etc. A ready mix concrete company can offer concrete solutions in both industrial standard and customized forms. In customized form the concrete is manufactured according to user’s mix design to best suit the specific construction requirements at user’s work site.

Ready mix concrete is very useful for the constructions where there is no enough space or the small scale construction projects for which buying concrete equipment for concrete mixing or production could be a very costly affair.

There are basically three forms in which ready mix concrete is classified depending on the equipment and time of its production. First is the central mixed concrete which is produced and mixed completely at a remote concrete batching plant and then transported to the work site for construction. Secondly there is transit mixed concrete which is mixed in the truck during transit. The materials are batched at a centralized concrete plant and are then completely mixed in the truck during transport to the site. As the concrete is mixed during the transport it is fresh and best for use. Transit-mixed concrete avoids the problems of premature hardening and slump loss that often result from potential delays in transportation or placement of central-mixed concrete. Last but not least is the shrink mixed concrete which is partially mixed at the plant to reduce or shrink the volume of the mixture to increase the truck’s load capacity. One can opt for any of these concrete solutions depending on the requirements and budget.

How to Select Best Concrete Equipments

Concrete Equipments – Transit Mixer

Concrete equipments are the construction equipments to develop the infrastructure, buildings and bridges. Many types of concrete equipments are utilized now days for preparing concretes. Concrete batching, concrete pump equipment, compact batching plant are few of the widely used concrete equipments. These equipments are used to prepare the concrete blend with mixing of cement, sand, water, and other adhesive materials to create well blended concrete to use in construction. This mixture is rotated in revolving drum on truck that is well known as transit mixer. Transit mixer is used for both creating concrete mixture as well transporting the prepared concrete at construction site. Transit mixer is widely used concrete equipment at small scale for creating buildings, complexes and residential units. Transit mixer is the best low cost equipment for concrete solutions. The transit mixer manufacturing companies provide the machinery with state-of-the-art technology features need for advanced concrete mixture building.

Concrete Mixer Plant

Concrete mixer plant is used where the construction site is at remote location and the transportation of concrete is quite not a viable solution for bulk concrete requirement. In this situation concrete mixer plant is best option to install and prepare strong concrete mixture in bulk for big construction projects like bridges. This plant has lot more additional features than concrete mixer. This batch plant is equipped with other equipments like batches, mixers, conveyors, cement bins etc. The high number of equipments increase the possibilities of pollutions but this has been reduced with addition of pollution control equipment like dust collect inbuilt in the system that clears the dusty particles before releasing gases into the air.

How to Select Concrete Equipments

Construction companies need the best concrete equipments for better mixing and preparing concrete solutions for strong infrastructure development. Even these concrete equipments must be eco-friendly to avoid the pollution with following the international standards and environmental rules. Thus before placing order for concrete equipments, companies should need to have planning and budget that meets their expectation to get the building concrete solution within a deputed time frame as well with the required quality. Varieties of concrete mixer plants/batching plants are available in the market. Even the concrete equipment should have the flexibility of future expansion as the need grows. Sturdy designs and high quality construction equipments are always in demand. If you are looking for such concrete equipment and concrete solution, visit –

Concrete Solutions with Concrete Equipments, Spun Pipe

Concrete Solutions with Concrete Equipments

Fast infrastructure development needs high end concrete equipments for mixing and preparing concrete solutions. Concrete mixer that is also known as transit mixer is one of the widely used concrete equipments for construction that not only mixing the concrete materials well but also transporting the same to the development site. The homogeneous concrete solution is prepared in the truck mounted unit is called as transit mixer. Sometimes the transit mixer is attached as trolley to the tractor or other vehicle. Continuous rolling drum mixing the aggregates thoroughly to make the mixer uniform. The truck mounted concrete mixers are categorized in two ways. One is traditional transit mixer where the rolling drum is mounted on back of the truck and need to place truck at the position to place the concrete solution at right place. This type of transit mixer is used for preparing small amount of construction solution for small projects. But second type of transit mixer is at front side to make the movement of rolling drum in any direction with the guiding remote in the cab of the truck. This way chute can be moved in any direction to place the concrete without placing the truck properly. This one is the advanced concrete machinery solutions to make the work easily and fast.

Spun Pipe

Spun Pipe is a known traditional way of making RCC pipe. Spun pipe making machine is conventional machine invented before two decades by the Australian scientist named Walter Reginald Hume. Based on his name, spun pipe is also popularly known as Hume pipe in construction industry. Now days instead of these traditional pipe making machines, advanced technological process of vertical cast, have been utilized for speedy and high quality, strong concrete pipes. Vertical cast is more automated and trust worth process to create the concrete pipes than spun pipe. Still this process has been used in many countries where labor is cheap and resources are more to handle the process. Industrial construction needs the equipments with modern features to speed up processes with quality works to handle the complex construction tasks with varieties of concrete equipments like concrete batching plant, mounted concrete pump, shotcrete machine and pre-cast applications etc. for further details and technical specification for concrete machinery equipments and building construction solutions, visit –

Pre Cast Concrete Solutions for Highly Efficient Constructions

Pre cast concrete are much preferred for concrete solutions for constructions today. As the name suggests, precast concrete is a construction product which is casted in moulds and cured in controlled atmosphere before itself at a precast plant and then transported to the site for construction applications. Precast concrete has several advantages over the standard site cured concrete. It offers a stronger, durable, efficient and easy to install solution for construction and engineering applications. The precast concrete products are casted earlier and arrive to the job site in readily available form which saves up lot of time employed during concrete casting at site. With precast concrete much reliable forms of construction are possible because studies reveal that precast concrete gets stronger with passing time and are capable of providing longer service life which may require a little or no maintenance at all. Moreover it is also easier to control the mix, place and cure precast concrete as it is manufactured in controlled production environments. All the dust, noise, wastage and disruption associated with the concrete production at site in traditional forms of construction are reduced in precast concrete constructions because the concrete is readily available for construction. As the precast concrete is made offsite, the constructors get the benefit of reduced energy usage, materials use and fuel consumption on-site. Today environment friendly solutions are being employed in every industry. The precast concrete can be recycled offers eco-friendly concrete solutions for construction industry.

The precast concrete at a concrete batching plant is usually manufactured with high quality concrete equipment. Different kinds of concrete equipments are employed for production of precast concrete at concrete plant. These include concrete mixers, concrete pumps, concrete productions and casting equipments etc. The precast concrete equipment used at precast concrete production sites are usually the automated and advanced versions of machinery with which precast concrete can be produced much faster without wastage in minimum amount of time. There is a greater control of the quality of materials and workmanship with these high quality pre cast concrete equipment at a precast plant rather than on a construction site. So with precast concrete high technology concrete solutions for better quality, energy efficient and economic constructions can be ensured.

Importance of a Concrete Batching Plant

A concrete batching plant is a facility where the ingredients of concrete are mixed and blended skilfully. Once the quality concrete is prepared it is transported to the site on a truck with a revolving drum which is known as transit mixer. The concrete produced out of the concrete batching plant is used in the foundations of building construction, paving materials for roads, plumbing and piping in construction projects etc. So, from this you can make out that how important is the use of concrete in construction equipments. Concrete batching plant is used to mix and blend cement, water, sand and aggregates to form quality concrete without which building any construction project is not possible. It becomes necessary that the concrete batching plant is efficient and speedy in order to complete a construction project as soon as possible. The durability of a construction project highly depends on the quality of the concrete used in that construction project. So, if you require a concrete batching plant for your construction project, then you need to select with lot of precision as the success and failure of your construction project depends on the concrete used which is produced by a concrete batching plant.

Different Types of Concrete Batching Plants

There are various types of concrete batching plants available to suit the specific needs of the construction industry which are given below:-

Transit Mixers

A transit mixer is a truck or trailer with a rotating drum which mixes and blends the concrete while on transit. The transit mixer is very much beneficial for the construction sites which require prompt delivery of freshly mixed concrete. Basically, there are two types of transit mixers, truck mounted transit mixers and trailer mounted transit mixers. When the drum in the transit mixer rotates clock wise, the concrete is being prepared and when it rotates anti clock-wise, it pours the concrete out of the drum.

Concrete Pumps

There can be many places in construction equipment where any other construction equipment cannot reach like on a high rise building or the middle of a long tunnel. In these places, if the concrete is to be poured, then a concrete pump can be of great use. Advanced constructions have become quite easier with the help of concrete pumps.

Ready Mix Concrete Plant

Ready mix concrete plant is a centralized factory or batching plant which is situated near the construction project. The concrete is mixed in the ready mix concrete plant and then transported through a truck or trailer to the construction site. This type of concrete batching plant is advantageous for the small construction projects where the requirement of concrete is in less quantity.

Compact Concrete Batching Plant

The compact concrete batching plant is used to prepare the concrete at the construction site itself. It is used in the construction site where energy saving is the major requirement. It occupies very little space and as it is located at the construction site itself, the concrete can be supplied quickly. Compact concrete batching plant is well known for easy maintenance and low running cost.

Without an efficient concrete batching plant, the successful completion of a construction project is not possible. Thus, if you are planning to select a concrete batching plant for your construction project, then you need to analyze different factors given below:-

  • What type of concrete batching plant you require?
  • How many types of aggregates you will be using?
  • What are the production requirements of your construction project?
  • Is the concrete batching plant to be installed on the construction site or on a different land located at a specific distance?
  • How many hours in a day you need your concrete batching plant to operate?

Still if you are unable to decide which concrete batching plant to be used for your construction project, then you can visit and go through the features of all the different concrete batching plants and decide the one which best suits your construction project.

What is a Concrete Paver?

A concrete paver is very important construction equipment used in the construction of roads, highways, bridge decks, industrial flooring, cargo handling and dock areas etc. At busy intersections, heavy traffic can cause damage and can cause pavements to deteriorate before time. The concrete pavers are used wherever concrete paving is required for speed and efficiency. Concrete pavements can withstand the loading and turning movements of heavy vehicles. As a result, most of the construction companies have started using concrete pavers while building concrete pavements to give long service life to the areas like busy roads and highways. Paving is not just about laying bricks and pouring concrete on it. Paving needs lot of precision in order to construct the roads which are long lasting and heavy vehicles and harsh weather is not able to harm them. You can save yourself from lot of trouble in future if a reliable concrete paver has been used while concrete paving in your construction project. Concrete pavement has become the most popular way of constructing roads and pathways nowadays because it can sustain any bad weather and temperature changes, and also can provide smooth and finished surfaces for many years.

Fixed Form Concrete Pavers

There are two types of concrete pavers, fixed form concrete pavers and slip form concrete pavers. Here, we are going to explain about the fixed form concrete pavers in detail as the fixed form paving system is the most preferred type of paving system nowadays. In fixed form paving, the metal and wooden forms are used. The metal and wooden forms are set and aligned on a solid foundation and staked rigidly. After the forms are set, they are cleaned and oiled so that they get released from the concrete after the concrete hardens. Then the concrete is deposited and after that it is spread by a fixed form concrete paver. The fixed form concrete paver shape, consolidate and float finish the concrete. After the concrete has been hardened, the metal and wooden forms are removed. There are different types for fixed form concrete paving machines available but the least complex are vibratory screeds and revolving tubes. These hand-operated machines finish the surface of the pavement between fixed forms.

What Features to Look for in a Fixed Form Concrete Paver?

Below mentioned features, you should always look for in a fixed form concrete paver:-

  • The fixed form concrete paver should be able to provide finishing width up to 14.5 meter and minimum 450 sq. Mtr./hour length.
  • It should include hydraulic drive which enables dependable operations.
  • A control unit in a fixed form concrete paver should include all hydraulics and mechanical drives.
  • The steering of fixed form concrete paver should be controlled by levers governing two sets of drive tubes.
  • The fixed form concrete paver should be including four mechanical swivel type jacks with tires for height adjustment fitted at each end of structure as it also helps to position the paver on the forms as well travel in or out of the panel area.
  • Self mounted powerful halogen lamps recharged through battery should be included in the fixed form concrete paver.
  • There should be multiple pass capability in a fixed form paver which can facilitate in levelling high spots and filling surface voids.

You can select the fixed form paver depending on the construction project you are handling.

Choosing the Right Concrete Batching Plant for your Construction Project

Concrete batching plant is required in every construction project as it is needed to mix and blend the ingredients to make concrete. Any ordinary mixing or blending techniques cannot be used to make concrete. It requires specific equipment and that is known as concrete batching plant. When you are looking for a concrete batching plant for your construction project, then it becomes very much necessary to look for the one which has equipment to mix the cement, water and every other admixture needed for the project. Besides mixing equipment, the concrete batching plant should have storage containers which can store the different ingredients required at the construction project. There is lot of competition in the construction industry and to stay ahead of the competition has become a necessity to survive. The construction industry has become challenging now and so the concrete construction equipments to be used are supposed to be more efficient than ever before. There are several things to be looked for while looking for a concrete batching plant because it is the matter of a big investment and so you need to take care that the concrete batching plant should be of optimum use to your construction project.

What to Consider in a Concrete Batching Plant?

There are different types of concrete batching plants available with different sizes and capacities. You need to select a concrete batching plant which suits your construction project. Below are the factors which should be considered before selecting a concrete batching plant:-

  • Just decide on your budget and whether you want to buy concrete batching plant or lease it. The ongoing construction projects may definitely require buying concrete batching plant, whereas, those engaged in one time construction project can lease the concrete batching equipment.
  • Properly study the features included in all types of concrete batching plant and choose the one which suits to your construction project. Most of the time the construction companies choose automatic and semi automatic concrete batching plant which can ease the mixing of concrete and also guarantee the quality. As the mixing process of the concrete is very important for a construction project, the concrete batching plant features are chosen with lot of precision.
  • The concrete batching plants can be found with various sizes and capacities. Choose the one which suits to the scale of your construction project.
  • Examine each and every part of a concrete batching plant and make sure that each and every part is functioning properly. You need to check its cement weighing system, skip hoist, mixer unit, water measuring system etc.
  • Just make sure that the concrete batching plant you choose should have an easy to use control panel so that your men can use the equipment in the most efficient manner.
  • Before buying a concrete batching plant, make sure that the supplier offers after sales services by a specialist in concrete batching equipments so that you do not face problems in operating it.

After going through the above points, it would be easier to choose a concrete batching plant for your construction project. The concrete batching plant can produce high quality cement because the mixture produced by it is consistent. So, always go for a concrete batching plant which can give you quality and speed both.

S-Valve Technology Concrete Pump

A concrete pump is supposed to be reliable, robust, powerful and with less wear and tear in order to successfully complete the tough operations at a construction site. The latest concrete pump using S-valve technology allows pumping with higher concrete pressure to reach higher output at greater heights. Whereas, the wear & tear of the concrete pump using S-Valve technology is also less which results in reduced operation costs. The S-valve technology concrete pump is on high demand in smaller construction sites where those types of concrete pumps are required which can provide versatile services at reduced costs. In the case of big construction projects also S-valve technology concrete pump has been proven to be beneficial because of its capability of handling high rise and long distance with real power. Because of high wear and tear, the gate valve pumps have been outdated and most of the infrastructure companies use S-valve technology concrete pump because of its long life as well as low diesel and hydraulic oil consumption.

Benefits of Using S-Valve Technology Concrete Pump

  • The S-Valve technology concrete pump has proven itself to be the most economical solution while switching from one delivery cylinder to the other.
  • The S-Valve technology concrete pump is with S-transfer tube which has been setting new world records in vertical and horizontal delivery.
  • The S-Valve technology concrete pump is very useful at the sites with concrete pressures above 85 bars.
  • The S-Valve technology concrete pump is specially designed for long life and high concrete pressure.
  • To extend the life of S-Valve technology concrete pump, the inside wall can be rebuilt by hard face welding.
  • The S-Valve technology concrete pump is adorned with low-lying agitator that is driven on both sides, keeps the mix homogeneous and guides the concrete directly in front of the cylinder openings without sucking the air, thus increasing its efficiency.

Manufacturer of S-Valve Technology Concrete Pump

The S-Valve technology concrete pump is being offered by Apollo Infratech, the manufacturer of concrete construction equipment. The S-Valve technology concrete pump manufactured by Apollo Infratech is equipped with highly resistant “S” transfer tube which can pump even the difficult concrete. Below mentioned are the advanced features of S-Valve technology concrete pump which can enable best working at low investment.

  • Latest technology in concrete pumping
  • Longer life due to hard faced design
  • Highly suitable for the requirement of long distance and high rise pumping
  • It has less chance of choking because of its highly effective reverse pumping and leak proof system
  • Adorned with separate concrete and hydraulic pumping system
  • The wear parts can be maintained and refurbished easily
  • Minimum operation costs
  • Can have longer maintenance intervals
  • Easy to clean and very safe