Concrete Pipe Making Machine – History, Evolution & Rising Demand In Developing Countries

The production of pipes as well as underground channels goes centuries back and is essentially the basis for civil engineering.

The Romans created concrete and cement, like the ones being used nowadays. They combined calcium hydroxide and pozzolanic volcanic ash to generate portland cement, solidifying underwater and didn’t weaken when exposed to water.

Some of these pipelines and conduits built with this concrete are still being utilized.

The earliest record of modernized concrete pipe fitting is the sanitary sewer made in Mohawk, New York State, USA, in 1842. It stayed operational for more than 100 years.

In 1896, the French first integrated steel fortification in a solid pipe (otherwise called the Monier patent).

In 1905, the idea was introduced to America and Australia in 1910. From that point, more than 300,000km of reinforced concrete pipe has been used in Australia and New Zealand in the areas of drainage, road channel, and sewage system.

A lot of these pipes are still operational and testify to the durability of the Hume concrete pipe.

Worldwide Demand for Concrete Pipe Production Machine

The current technological advancement in the concrete machinery industry is part of the basis for the construction industry development, which is one of the prominent sectors in the international market.

The industries that require concrete pipes and contribute to increasing the demand for these pipes are mostly infrastructure projects.

Despite the reduction in construction from 2009 to 2014, there is again an upward trend in concrete pipes demand, thereby increasing the need for concrete pipe making machines.

Concrete Pipe Making Machine

Rising Demand of Pipe Making Machine Globally

There are many construction works going on every day, and contracts for additional construction are closed almost daily.

The construction of a new building encompasses forethought, design, financing, and lastly, implementation. Given that concrete is the most popularly used construction material globally, which makes it no surprise that it can be seen at a site.

Concrete pipe machinery helps to meet construction companies’ piping requirements. On almost all building sites, many pipes are needed for sewage purposes. Solid pipes have been in existence for quite a while, which makes it beneficial to use.

Apart from that, it’s long-lasting and usable. Most modern sewerage systems also use concrete pipes.

Which are The Toughest Concrete Pipes?

Concrete pipes are among the most substantial lines on the market because they are explicitly designed for heavy loads. These solid piping can be fortified by bolstering them using wires.

Likewise, there is another kind of concrete pipe called the RCC Hume pipe. These pipes are sturdy, centrifugally cast pipes, and mostly utilized in the drainage system.

The manufacturing procedures of these pipes area bit diverse from others.

Applications of Concrete Pipe

There are several ways to use concrete pipes, including rainwater drainage, sewages, and conduits. Rainwater drainage is vital to drain excessive rainwater, and it must be reliable and robust. It is equally important that a sewer system is free of rust, doesn’t harm the environment, and always upholds structural integrity. Culverts are usually placed under an artificial structure so that water can run beneath. It should be able to withstand the heavy load and be of a suitable size.

Concrete pipe making machine aids in designing solid pipes that are long-lasting, resilient, and economical, making them the perfect for such usages.

Working Principle of Concrete Pipe Making Machine

Importance of Concrete Pipes in Water Distribution & Drainage System

When it comes to performance, concrete pipes offer unmatched long term value and performance. Out of many different types of pipe materials, concrete is the only material that has a proven service track record of more than a century. The structural strength of concrete pipes, provide bases for water distribution and drainage system that works for a very long time. The concrete pipe making machine is used to produce highly durable concrete pipes that give confidence to the design engineers that the pipe material will not only maintain the strength but also provide great efficiency and reliability.

While planning the public water distribution and drainage system, it is very critical to choose the material that requires fewer repairs and maintenance. The maintenance budget for the public systems keeps changing every year and you can’t be sure about the future fund allocation for the maintenance, hence concrete pipes manufactured in concrete pipe making equipment is the best choice for long term performance. There are some other materials that may look nice and are claimed to be installed as concrete, but they can be very expensive as compared to concrete and cannot be installed the same as concrete. Today a wide range of high-tech pipe making machine is available that produces high-quality concrete pipes, which are strong, doesn’t deflect under load and doesn’t melt in the heat.

Concrete Pipe Making Machine

Concrete Pipe Making Machine

Advantages of Concrete Pipe Making Machine

High Production Capacity:

Today’s high tech pipe making machine, also known as a machine for making pipes, produces concrete pipes at a higher rate. In any water distribution and drainage system project, the availability of the concrete pipes is very important for the progress of the project as per the schedule. The concrete pipe making equipment helps the pipe manufacturers to achieve optimum production to meet the high demand.

Strength and Durability:

High-quality concrete pipe making machines are made from strong material that makes them highly durable. In addition, the machine also helps in manufacturing concrete pipes which are sturdy and can deliver efficient performance for a long time, which is one of the very vital aspects of water distribution and drainage systems.


As we all know, different types of concrete pipes of different sizes and strengths are required for different applications. Hence, it is very important for the concrete pipe manufacturers to deliver the concrete pipes as per the project requirement within a given time. Earlier it was a very difficult and time taking task for the piper manufacturers, but high tech machines for making pipes, it can be done easily. The concrete pipe making machines have enabled the pipe manufacturers to produce different types of concrete pipes, with different strength and size, within a short period of time. Ultimately, it helps the team, handling the project, to be on top of their schedule.

Manufacturing Process of Concrete Pipes and Their Methods

Concrete Pipes are the strongest pipes and have been in fashion for ages for construction purposes. It is one of the most durable and strongest materials available and so there are plenty of applications of concrete and this applies in making pipes too. Cylindrical Concrete pipes are used as long lasting building blocks of any infrastructure, highly economical having a shelf life of approximately 75 years.

Where are Concrete Pipes?

Concrete Pipes are very common in sewage systems and underground water systems. Sewers carry the wastage from industrial or residential areas. It carries tons of suspended solid wastes along with the water. Concrete Pipes are durable, resistant to any kind of rust and sustainable towards any biological decay, these properties make it suitable to be a part of sewage systems. Storm Water Drains are pipes with large diameters and are meant for the flow of excess water from one area to another in order to alleviate the cause of flooding. During the situation of any storm, water can be moved through a high velocity.

Concrete Making Machines

Culverts are another major application of Concrete pipes. These are fitted in areas having large man-made areas such as flyovers, underneath roads, underground tunnels, etc. Being robust in structure and having high strength, they are known to bear heavy loads. Concrete making machines are therefore very useful in ensuring that the pipes being manufactured are high in tensile strength.

How are Concrete Pipes Manufactured?

Concrete Pipes are primitively composed of basic components that cement, aggregate that is sand and gravel, and water. All these ingredients are mixed differently in five forms and hence the manufacturing process gets categorized in five methods.

Centrifugal Method employs machines for making Concrete Pipes in a hollow structure. Concrete pipe making Machines cast them with the rotating mold giving a hollow shape thus making it compact and strong. Iron reinforcements can also be added sometimes. Concrete pipe making equipment inserts a steel pipe which compresses the mixture to make hollow shapes in the finally dried concrete pipes.

Besides the first method, in other methods like the Dry cast method, packer head method, the tamp entail method, pipe making machine uses a dry concrete mix and manufactures the desired concrete pipes through the standard technique of press rolling.

Another method, Wet casting method, machines for making concrete pipes use a high slump of wet cast concrete mix and it is highly recommended for making huge diameter pipes. Wet masses are introduced in the concrete pipe making machines to mold the input in a long pipe-like structure having an inner wall. The press rollers smoothen the inner layer and also applies an impregnating liquid medium. The build-up pressure is sufficient to enhance the permeability of the liquid medium to a depth of at least 10 mm.

The Bottom Line

Modern-day concrete pipes have found their way since the 19th century and have been in use since then. They have been proved to be useful in holding any hazardous containment, sewage or drainage systems. Water supplies, Irrigation, etc. are the most remarkable systems for any cities across which have evolved in a much better way only after increased usage of Concrete PIpes.

QT4 & QT6 Block Making Machine – Global Market

The automatic block making has become critical equipment in all the major sectors of infrastructural development. The major industries utilizing the QT 4 and QT 6 block making machines include the building sector, road construction, garden and landscaping, construction of commercial premises.

Block Making Machine

It is a note worthy fact that there are many different types and models of block making machines available in the market but the QT6 automatic block making machine has the highest demand. This is because the equipment has proved efficient and produces blocks easily and with minimum effort. Some of the important features of the block making equipment include;

  • The logic control system; the best of these machines have the German model of the PLC, with a touch screen interface for ease of operation.
  • Guaranteed safety of the machine through an auto lock system that avoids mechanical accidents that may happen during operation.
  • The block production parameters can always be modified as per the site requirements thus helping in cutting of costs, and preventing material wastage.
  • The machines come equipped with a special air bag cylinder that serves to reduce the vibration and produce high quality blocks.
  • Efficiency and productivity of the equipment is guaranteed.

Factors Driving Demand for QT4 and QT6 Block Making Machines

The demand for the concrete blocks continues to increase in the United States and around the world. There has been a gradual recovery in the construction expenditures across all the market segments. The bricks, blocks and pavers demand have been the main influencers of this demand. The demand for concrete blocks is due to their usage in as a siding material in most residential buildings and primarily in the single family segment.

With this demand for blocks going upwards all over the world, it has caused a proportional rise in demand for the automatic block making machine.

Innovative and Sturdy Equipment Design 

The QT4 block making machine has high efficiency and super strong vibration system that enables the machine realize the required vertical synchronous vibration, frequency conversion and braking.

The concrete block making machine framework is also designed with super strength steel and with special welding technology to guarantee machine durability and performance. With these factors favouring the usage of the block making machines, the global market continues to grow and expand.

Demand in Developing Countries.

In the developing countries such as those in the African continent, the use of concrete blocks serves as the cheaper alternative than construction of the concrete walls. Depletion of the natural stone sources has also led to a shift towards use of the concrete blocks. In expansive residential areas, concrete block making machines are used on site to bake blocks for access roads construction.

Bottom Line

With the rapid investments in infrastructure and construction in many developing countries, there has been an ever increasing demand for the concrete block making machines. Maturation of the international investment market and the rapid infrastructure, the block making machine will continue to be leading construction equipment.

The Hume Pipe Making Machine Technology – Features & Applications in Infrastructure

The concrete pipe production technology has been fully automated for manufacture of first class quality concrete pipes. The machine has been equipped with advanced control systems that ensure high production efficiency is attained. Products manufactured by the machine include;

  • Concrete pipes compliant with all international standards of piping and construction
  • Production of steel reinforced concrete pipes
  • Prebed pipes
  • Jacking pipes
  • Steel cylinder “core pipes” that can range up to 6 meters length

The equipment can produce pipes from diameters 225mm up to 1600 mm

The equipment has short change over time from one job to another thus ensuring optimum equipment utilization and greater profitability. The compaction of the equipment is computer controlled thus well regulated and structural consistency of the pipes is achieved.

The equipment can be installed with an automatic crane, adjustable floor system and pipe testing capabilities as well as base pallet control system.

Pipe Making Machine

Advanced Features

Current machines are developed with a two directional head system, which enables manufacture of concrete pipe with a good wire and concrete bond as well as great compaction.

The hume pipe making machine is developed with a unique frame design that allows for easier feeding of multiple materials and rapid pipe assembly. This vertical cast process has been found very efficient and with great ability for greater automation.

Ease of Maintenance

The design of the system also enables ease of servicing the equipment as well as access for routine maintenance practices. The total clean up time is effectively reduced since there is less material spillage during production.

Easy Assembly

During construction, the use of the steel pit base shell greatly reduces the total installation time and production starts in shortest time possible.

Various Models

The concrete pipe machine is available in various models based on the desired output capacity, pipe diameter and pipe length.

The cross head drive system and power unit situated on frame at conveyor level for better power transfer and easy service and maintenance. The equipment has also been equipped with noise dampening system to enhance the user friendliness.

Hopper and Conveyor Unit

The capacity of the hopper is based on the size of the machine. It is constructed with innovative rounded corners that help prevent build up of materials during operation. A liner can also be added to enhance flow of material through the equipment.

The conveyor system is driven by rollers, which are completely sealed to prevent ingress of particles and ensure ease of maintenance.

Additional Enhancements

Control system has been developed either as manual or computer aided.  For the automated machine operation, adjustments are made with a touch screen interface in a flexible support system. Innovative video screen monitor have also been added to the control system for monitoring machine performance via installed video cameras.

The oscillating tongue mechanism; this system can also be incorporated, for production of roll- in/ profile jackets. The pipe-making machine can also come with different voltage levels, starter options, and even automatic lubrication system.

 The Hume pipe making technology continues to undergo rapid innovation, which has led to increased range of manufactured products. The machine can produce box culverts, manholes, catch basins and other products requiring this molding technology.

Recent Technological Breakthroughs in Concrete Machineries

Concrete technologies have been used from time memorial in construction and infrastructure projects. Before the invention of automatic mixers, the work was done using hands and this was labor intensive, lacked uniformity and quality. High concrete utilization in large construction sites high rise buildings resulted in the development of alternative mixing methods.

Recent Technological Breakthroughs in Concrete Batching Plants

With need for increase amount of materials for large buildings, coupled with need for uniform mixing and operation costs reduction; batching plants were developed. These plants were revolutionary as they allowed the weighing, preparation and mixing of ballast, sand, cement and other chemicals that promote high strength and durability.

Concrete Batching Plants Concrete Batching Plants have advanced computerized weighing to ensure accurate mix ratio in addition to fully controlled mixing process to ensure uniformity, increased strength and long service life.

With technological advancement, these plants can be configured to deliver ready mix or central mix concrete. In ready mix, the all materials are mixed on plant and loaded on the truck. The truck is then loaded with water and mixing occurs on truck as materials are transported to site. In central mix, all materials including water are added and loaded on truck and no mixing is required during transportation.

Concrete Batching Plant ATP 30Advances in technology and innovation have also resulted in development of mobile batching plants that can be transported to remote sites, areas where transportation is hindered by poor roads or traffic jams and building requiring high volumes of concrete. There are small trailer mounted batch plants for small construction sites.

Concrete Batching Plant ATP 45 and ATP 60Small complete units of mobile and trailer loaded units reduce the need to labor, manual mixing and other numerous equipment that not only increase costs but results to environmental pollution. These plants have dust removing systems as well as hydraulic powered systems that use less fuel.

Technology Advancement in Transit Mixers

Concrete transit mixers were developed to assist in transportation of materials to site. A specially designed trailer is loaded with ready mix concrete from batching plant. As the truck transports the materials, they are swilled by the revolving auger to achieve the required uniformity. During charging or loading the auger rotates in opposite direction to discharging. These trucks carry ready mix or central mix materials.

Benefits of Dry Batching Plants Technology

Wet mix concrete is availed from central and ready mix concrete plants and has a high moisture contents that increases its flow properties. Wet mix is suitable for traditional construction where the material is poured onto a mould and has to flow to all corners. Dry mix on the other hand has very low water content and no slump. It has the advantages of solidifying immediately after consolidation.

The principle advantage of dry mix type is its ability to form immediately. Therefore many mass products such as concrete pipe making and precast structures can be made as the mold is removed immediately and used for next product. The dry type also has less wear and maintenance costs.

Recent Concrete Paver’s Technology

This technology entails continuously forming roads, pavements and other structures using slip forming machines. Through this method, the materials are prepared, consolidated and cured as the machine moves.

Spares and Accessories for New Batch Plants

Most concrete machines are standardized and made to high quality. Most spares are easily available and are interchangeable. These parts can also be shopped through the internet. Therefore, maintenance costs are reduced.

Concrete Solutions with Concrete Equipments, Spun Pipe

Concrete Solutions with Concrete Equipments

Fast infrastructure development needs high end concrete equipments for mixing and preparing concrete solutions. Concrete mixer that is also known as transit mixer is one of the widely used concrete equipments for construction that not only mixing the concrete materials well but also transporting the same to the development site. The homogeneous concrete solution is prepared in the truck mounted unit is called as transit mixer. Sometimes the transit mixer is attached as trolley to the tractor or other vehicle. Continuous rolling drum mixing the aggregates thoroughly to make the mixer uniform. The truck mounted concrete mixers are categorized in two ways. One is traditional transit mixer where the rolling drum is mounted on back of the truck and need to place truck at the position to place the concrete solution at right place. This type of transit mixer is used for preparing small amount of construction solution for small projects. But second type of transit mixer is at front side to make the movement of rolling drum in any direction with the guiding remote in the cab of the truck. This way chute can be moved in any direction to place the concrete without placing the truck properly. This one is the advanced concrete machinery solutions to make the work easily and fast.

Spun Pipe

Spun Pipe is a known traditional way of making RCC pipe. Spun pipe making machine is conventional machine invented before two decades by the Australian scientist named Walter Reginald Hume. Based on his name, spun pipe is also popularly known as Hume pipe in construction industry. Now days instead of these traditional pipe making machines, advanced technological process of vertical cast, have been utilized for speedy and high quality, strong concrete pipes. Vertical cast is more automated and trust worth process to create the concrete pipes than spun pipe. Still this process has been used in many countries where labor is cheap and resources are more to handle the process. Industrial construction needs the equipments with modern features to speed up processes with quality works to handle the complex construction tasks with varieties of concrete equipments like concrete batching plant, mounted concrete pump, shotcrete machine and pre-cast applications etc. for further details and technical specification for concrete machinery equipments and building construction solutions, visit –

Apollo Infratech – Supplying Concrete Pipes Manufacturing Machines in Indian Market

Apollo Infratech believes that change is the need of the time and so it has joined hands with world’s leading vertical cast pipe machine manufacturer HawkeyePedershaab Concrete Technologies Worldwide and formed a company named Apollo Hawkeye Pedershaab concrete Technologies Pvt. Ltd. This company will be manufacturing concrete pipe manufacturing machines of international standards. These concrete pipe manufacturing machines are also known as RCC pipe manufacturing machines (Reinforced Concrete Cement Pipe manufacturing machines). This joint venture of Apollo Infratech has enabled the company to provide international standard machineries in Indian market at a very competitive rate. In this way, the company has also contributed to the economic growth of the country in infrastructure development.

CAP 150 – Vertical Cast Concrete Pipe Machine

This concrete pipe making machine can enable versatile production of pipe, culverts and complete manhole systems of up to 1500 mm (60”) in diameter for circular units and up to 1500 X 1500 mm (60” X 60”) for square units. This machine will be made in India by Apollo Infratech under the license from HawkeyePedershaab and will be launched in April 2012. This vertical cast concrete pipe machine is manually operated machine and can manufacture high quality concrete pipe, box culverts and complete manhole systems which include reinforced and non-reinforced pipe, circular and non-circular pipe with “bell” or in-wall joint, lined pipe, jacking pipe, box culverts, manhole risers, cones, base sections and cover slabs.

Various optional features can be installed in this concrete pipe machine in order to improve production and handle the machine easily, which are Swivel automation for swivel arm and concrete feeder, including pendant switch for operation of concrete feeder, vibrator and swivel arm, stationery control panel, hydraulic pressing/rocking function, R4 headers, top ring system, lifting hole equipment, reinforcement centering equipment, pneumatic equipment for casting of lined pipe, elevating system, cooling system for the vibrator, double and triple casting stations, hydraulic vibrator and frequency controlled vibrator speed.

This concrete pipe making machine is versatile which enables table vibration or central core vibration and has Falcon control. It is designed with the state-of-the-art components making it suitable for all types of concrete pipes of different shapes and sizes. The capacity of this machine depends on the kind of concrete pipe being produced, the material used and the local conditions. With the help of this machine all concrete pipes and manhole systems are manufactured with an inner lining of PVC, PE or GRP with special mold attachments. This versatile concrete pipe manufacturing plant comes with a special feature of manufacturing more than one pipe diameter per production day due to its build in system for quick mold changes down to 15-30 minutes. This machine is manually operated by 1-2 workers which also depend on the specific products being manufactured, layout of the machine and selected optional features.

So, now by launching this versatile concrete pipe making machine, Apollo Infratech is going to bring a new revolution in concrete pipe manufacturing industry.

RCC Pipe Making Plant

RCC pipe making plant is used to manufacture concrete pipes which are also known as hume pipes or spun pipes. RCC pipe term means Reinforced Concrete Cement Pipe and is used for sewage and drainage purposes. A RCC pipe making plant can manufacture almost any type of high quality concrete pipe, box culverts and complete manhole systems. The quality of concrete pipes manufactured from RCC pipe making plant largely depends on the operator’s skills.  Apollo Infratech – a manufacturer of concrete construction equipment in Ahmedabad, India now also offers high quality RCC pipe making plant after joining hands with an international company HawkeyePedsrashaab Concrete technologies worldwide. After this joint venture, Apollo Infratech has obtained rights of manufacturing different kinds of RCC pipe making machines with the expertise guidance and technical support by HawkeyePedsrashaab – USA. Below are the different kinds of RCC pipe making plants manufactured and supplied by Apollo Infratech offering a wide range of concrete construction machines to the infrastructure companies in India:-

Concrete Pipe Machines – CAP 150

This type of concrete pipe machine can manufacture concrete pipe, box culverts and complete manhole systems including reinforced and non-reinforced pipe, circular and non-circular pipe with “bell” or in-wall joint, lined pipe, jacking pipe, box culverts, manhole risers, cones, base sections and cover slabs. It can manufacture 300 mm to 1500 mm (12”-60”) in diameter circular units and 1500 mm x 1500 mm (60”-60”) square units. The concrete pipes of length up to 2.50 meters (8”) can be manufactured with the help of this type of concrete pipe machine.

VIHY ® Multicast SC 250 for Manufacturing Concrete Pipes

The multicast SC 250 is a RCC pipe making plant which can manufacture high quality concrete pipe, box culverts and complete manhole systems which include reinforced and non-reinforced pipe, circular and non-circular pipe with “bell” or in-wall joint, lined pipe, ogee pipe, box culverts, manholes, base sections and square pits. It can manufacture 300 mm to 2500 mm (12”-96”) in diameter circular units and 2000 mm x 2000 mm (78”-78”) square units. The concrete pipes of length up to 3 meters (10”) can be manufactured with the help of this type of RCC pipe making plant. Whereas, it has a high capacity of manufacturing 20 units/hour and it requires the 1-2 people to operate the machine.

Concrete Products Manufacturing Machine – CAP 200/250

The CAP machine is designed to manufacture concrete products which include pipe, lined pipe, manholes and catch basins up to 2000 mm diameter X 2.5m lengths. The biggest benefit of this RCC pipe making machine is that it can be installed with one or two production stations which can produce different products. Thus, this machine is highly productive, versatile and latest in technological features.

Now, when you have gone through the details of all the above mentioned machines, you can decide to buy the RCC pipe making machine suiting to your business requirements. You can be rest assured that all these machines are reliable, versatile and of international standards which can manufacture high quality concrete products.